Wine is a popular drink in Italy, and has been produced there since the Greek colonization around 800 BC. Grapes are grown in almost every region of Italy. In Italy, a good bottle of wine is always part of a good meal. It can be the common homemade “vino di casa” often mixed with water, or wines of higher quality that are selected to complement the courses well.
Each area has its own specialties, primarily at regional level, but also even at the provincial level. These differences come from the influence of bordering countries, vicinity to the sea or mountains, as well as economic progress. Italian cuisine is also very seasonal with high priority placed on the use of fresh, seasonal produce.
VDT (vino da tavola) rarely very good…
IGT (indicazione geografica tipica) includes wines from a specific region (currently 120 IGT appellations exist) that do not follow the strict regulations of the DOC(G) classes; some excellent wines can be found in this class, including the “Super Tuscans” like the Sassicaia or Ornellaia.
DOC (denominazione di origine controllata) corresponds to wines from more specific regions than IGT wines (currently 316 DOC appellations) with strict regulations on the grape varieties and wine making techniques that can be used.
DOCG (denominazione di origine controllata e garantita) includes the highest quality of italian wines, in 36 different appellations such as Barolo, Brunello di Montalcino, or Chianti Classico.
Part of Southern Italy, Campania has Naples as its capital, and vineyards spreading from plains along the Mediterranean Sea, to the foothills of the Apennine mountains and the Vesuvius volcano. Wine was produced in the region since before the Romans, and is undergoing a revival that has dramatically improved quality.
Aglianico del Taburno
Fiano di Avellino
Greco di Tufo
Casavecchia di Pontelatone
Castel San Lorenzo
Falanghina del Sannio
Falerno del Massico
Colli di Salerno
Terre del Volturno